Adequate proportions according to macrobiotics
It continues from What is macrobiotics? II.
Let us stop and think about what the structure of our teeth reveals, since it meets our biological needs (this is so for all species). Carnivorous animals have sharp teeth, designed to tear the muscle tissue of the meat. Likewise, they have much shorter intestines, since meat intake produces many toxins and metabolic waste, so it is better for it to pass through the system as quickly as possible before being excreted.
Human beings have long digestive systems, much more like herbivores than carnivores. Our mouth has 32 teeth.
- 20 premolars and molars: whose function is to grind grains, seeds and beans. They amount to 62% of our teeth.
- 8 incisors, cutting vegetables, ie vegetables and fruit. They amount to 26% of our teeth.
- 4 canine teeth, used to tear apart animal protein, i.e., fish and meat. They make up 12% of our teeth.
What is our constitution trying to tell us with this?
Well, it is telling us that there is a proper ratio of nutrients to which we must adjust to maintain health.
What should we eat?
We should eat:
- Firstly, 1 bowl of soup or cream (it is used to tone the stomach and prepare the digestive tract))
- MAIN DISH following the recommended proportions as much as possible, that is:
- 40%-60% whole grains
- 10%-22% protein (vegetable quality if possible)
- 1%-10% salad
- 20%-35% Vegetables
- 0%-5% fruit and nuts
- 3%-7% seeds, oil, sea vegetables, salt, soups.
Not all of the above has to be in a single meal, of course, but ideally all of that should have been in our mouths at the end of the day.
The proportions are indicative because there will always be adjustments to be made depending on the objectives, constitution, condition and lifestyle of the person. If a person does a lot of sport or fitness, he or she will probably need more protein. Macrobiotic people tend to abuse the amount of whole grains (especially rice) and neglect leafy greens, so it is necessary to nourish the energy of the liver and it give freshness and joy. (Source: Nutrición Energética y Salud, Jorge Pérez-Calvo)
Instead of this, what do we usually eat? We tend to have a diet based on:
- Meat and meat products
- Refined grains
- Little vegetables and when we do have them we usually choose nightshades (i.e. tomato, potato, pepper, aubergine) which will be discussed in the future.
The result is a diet which is calorie dense (excessive protein and simple sugars), acidic and nutritionally deficient, based on refined carbohydrates, dairy, meat and chemicals. Whole grains are usually totally absent.
It is time for us to return to a way of eating which makes sense, following the order of nature and the proportions our ancestors instinctively knew so well.